The kite was first invented and popularized approximately 2,300 years ago in China, and it was the first flying object in the world.

  1. Transform: Muyuan of Chun-qiu Period (wooden kites), Zhuque (bamboo Magpie), and Fengjin (phoenix turban); Harrier the south and Eagle the north of East Han Dynasty; the kite of Dynasty of Five.

Ancient and medieval Chinese sources recorded, Han Feizi-Waichuzuoshang '墨子斫木為鳶,三年而成,飛一日而敗.’
(Translation: Mozi had cut the stick to make a Yuan (the kite) for three years and it flew one day and rested for good.)
Mozi---Lu’s Question, Gongshuzi (Luban) said ‘削本以為鵲,成而飛之,三日不下.’
(Translation: Gongshu (Luban) used the bamboo to make a kite which had flown in the sky for 3 days.)

These two historical data explained that Mozi and Luban invented the kites, Muyuan and Chuchuei, which could have flown in the sky for a long time. In the past, people used the silk to make kites called 'the phoenix turban'. Not until to the East Han Dynasty, the Emperor He, changed the kite's material along with the paper's invention; therefore, we called kites as paper-eagle. At that time, the southern called the kite Yao whereas the northern called it Yuan. That is why we say Harrier (Yao) the south and Eagle (Yuan) the north.

When it came to the Dynasty of Five, Yei Li made the kite in the palace and flew it. He changed the nose of the kite to a bamboo flute which made sound while the kite flew along with the wind. Since the sound the kite made was just like the sound of the Zheng (musical instrument), we use the name Feng-Zheng from then on.